About Nepal

Situated in the lap of the Himalayas, Nepal is located between the latitude 26°12' to 30°27' North and longitude 80°4' E to 88°12' East, and elevation ranges from 90 to 8,848 meters. The average length of the country is 885 km east to west and the average breadth is about 193 km north to south. The country is bordering between the two most populous countries in the world, India to the East, South, and West, and China to the North. Nepal is a land locked country and home place of natural beauty with traces of artifacts. The Northern range (Himalayas) is covered with snow over the year where the highest peak of the world, The Mount Everest stands. The middle range (Hill) is captured by gorgeous mountains, high peaks, hills, valleys and lakes. The Southern range (Terai) is the gigantic plain of alluvial soil and consist of dense forest area, national parks, wildlife reserves and conservation areas. The temperature and rainfall differ from place to place. In the geo/image sic diversity and varied climatic conditions, census 2001 enumerated more than 100 caste/ethnic groups. Projected population for the year 2014 is around 31 millions. Nepal presents an example of being united in diversity over the history and has maintained its pride to be an independent and sovereign state.

Geo/imagesically, the country is divided in three regions; Mountain, Hill and Terai accommodating 7.3, 44.3 and 48.4 % of the total population respectively. Based on area of districts, these regions constitute 35, 42 and 23 percent of the total land area of the country respectively. The country is divided into 5 development regions- Eastern Development Region, Central Development Region, Western Development Region, Mid-Western Development Region and Far-Western Development Region accommodating 23.1, 34.7, 19.7, 13.0 and 9.5 percent of total population respectively. There are 75 administrative districts. Districts are further divided into smaller units, called Village Development committee (VDC) and Municipality. Currently, there are 3,915 VDCs and 58 Municipalities in the country. Each VDC is composed of 9 wards, and the number of ward in Municipality ranges from 9 to 35. The heart of the country, Kathmandu is the capital city.

About Nepal

There are number of peaks, rivers and lakes in the country. Major peaks are - Mount Everest (8,848 m) which is the highest peak of the world, Mt. Kanchanjanga (8,586 m), the third highest peak of the world and the second highest in the country, Mt Lhotse (8,516 m), Mt. Makalu (8,463 m), Mt. Choyoyu (8,201 m), Mt. Dhaulagiri (8,167 m), Mt. Manaslu (8,163 m), Mt Annapurna (8,091 m), Mt. Gaurisankar (7,134 m), Mt. Machhapuchhre (6,996 m) and many other gracious peaks. Major rivers are - Koshi, Gandaki (Narayani), Karnali, Mechi, Mahakali, Bagmati, and Rapti. Major Lakes are - Mahendra Tal (Rara Daha), Phewa Tal, Sheyphoksundo Tal, Roopa Tal, Begnas Tal, Satyabati Tal, Khaptad Tal, and Tilicho Tal (at the highest attitude in the world). Main Glaciers are - Maha Langur, Kumbhakarna, Kanchanjangha, Khumbu, and Langtang Machhapuchhre.

Economic growth of the country has not improved substantially over time to overtake population growth. As the current population growth is 2.25 percent per annum, the gain achieved by development activities has been overshadowed by growing population. Little over half (58.2%) of the population of working age reported usually economically active.