Road Sector

Nepal is a landlocked country with China to the North and India to the South. Road is the major transportation modes and aviation supports few part of the country due to difficult geographical feature. Though transportation through railway is possible and various plans has been made in the past, it is not been utilized yet. The road density in Nepal is lowest at 121 km per 1000 sq km of land area compared to other South Asian Countries. The total road network in the country consisted of 19,968 km. More than 60 percent of the road network is concentrated in the lowland (Terai) areas of the country. Out of the total 75 districts in country, only 17 have access to all weather roads and 4 districts in the country still remained unconnected through roads. Thus, road transportation could be improved by government and private investor. The Government of Nepal's Interim Three Year Plan (2011-2013) ahs prioritized expansion of rural road with an allocation of around 33 percent of the road sector investment.


Targets in 3 Year Plan (2011-13) Status as of 2011-13 Final Target as in 2014
New road construction 19,968 km 21461 km
Road up-gradation   3752 km
Road improvement, reconstruction & rehabilitation   3,600 km
Periodic Maintenance   9400 km
Construction of Bridges 1365 Nos. 1565 Nos.
Additional district Headquarters connected 71 75

The Ministry of Physical Planning and Works has identified 8 road corridors for the development which are stated below:

  1. Kechana-Ilam-Taplegunj-Olangehungola (430 km)
  2. Rani-Itahair-Sankhuwasabha-Hile-Kimathanka (419 km)
  3. Janakpur-Dolakha-Lamabagar-Chinese Boarder (295 km)
  4. Birgunj-Jitpur-Pathalaiya-Fast Track Road to Kathmandu-Dohalghat-Sandhu (292 km)
  5. Birgunj-Jitpur-Pathalaiya-Kathmandu-Thishuli-Dhunchhe-Syaprubesi-Rasuwagadhi (265 km)
  6. Sunauli-Mirmi-Phalebas-Jumla-Simikot-Hilsa (467 km)
  7. Nepalgunj-Surkhet-Jumla-Simikot-Hilsa (436 km)
  8. Brahmdeomandi-Jogbudha-Satbanjh-Darchula Tikerpas (415 km)