Power Generation

Nepal is a hilly country in the Indian subcontinent. There are many Himalayan peaks and ranges because of which many perennials rivers flows from north to south of the country. We can surely imagine how much the country is prosperous in term of water resources taking reference that eight of the twelve highest mountains lay in Nepal. The approximate width of Nepal is some 194 km from north to south. But because of the huge fluctuation and diversity of natural heritage the speed of the river is so fast.


Nepal in term of region of water resources can be divided into three regions-Koshi, Gandaki, and Karnali. Each of which have not less than seven tributaries, which are generated from the Himalayas. Such prosperity of water resources with enough paces in them increase probability of hydroelectricity. The country has capacity of some 183000MW hydroelectricity of which 44000MW is economically viable. But it's been a shame that only 700MW is being produced hydroelectricity.

In Nepal, Electricity demand has been increasing by about 7-9% per year, and only about 40 % of population has access to electricity through the national grid and off grid system. The main load centre is the central zone which includes the Kathmandu Valley.

In Nepal Most of the power plants are run-of-river type with energy available in excess of the in-country demand during the monsoon season and deficit during the dry season.


Nepal has 700 MW of installed capacity in its Integrated Nepal Power System (INPS). The power system is dominated by the hydropower which contributes about 90 % of the system and the balance is met by multi fuel plant. First hydropower development in Nepal began with the development of 500 kW Pharping power plant in 1911 A.D.

New Hydropower policies seek to promote private sector investment in hydropower sector in Nepal