Transmission Line

Nepal's hydropower history is over a century old. However, Nepal is yet to able to generate more than 700 MW of power. Some 40 percent people, who are receiving power from the national grid, are facing uncertain hours of power cuts. However, only seven percent of the population gets the power from alternative energy sources, including solar, micro-hydro and others. There is no access to power for the 58 percent of population.

Electricity Department is the sole institution responsible for construction, generation, transmission and distribution of power; it is also given the authority to construct the east-west transmission lines. Without construction of transmission lines, one cannot expect any private investment and even Electricity Department cannot build any project. Electricity Department has monopoly over the transmission line. Due to its service oriented nature, Electricity Department is compelled to sell the electricity for which it pays a much higher price. Electricity Department is now busy to construct 592 MW project, including 456 MW Tamakosi.

Over the period of 100 years, Nepal has built just 981 kilometers circuit of transmission lines. If Nepal's economy, had a capacity to absorb 11500 MW (peak hour), it would have required 845 KM long 400 KV lines, the total cost for which would have been Rs. 41 billion and for 612 north south 400 kv would require Rs. 33 billion, according to the Twenty Year's Power Generation Report. If Nepal builds this transmission line, there will be a rush of investors to invest in Nepal.

Electricity Department is planning to expand its transmission line to 3272 kilometers , circuit. This includes 78 kilometers of 33 kV, 1409 kilometers of 132 kV, 755 km of 200 kV and 1030 kilometer of 400 kv in the coming ten years.

India-Nepal agreement on "Electric Power Trade, Cross-Border Transmission Interconnection and Grid Connectivity" new cross-border transmission lines are under construction which will more than double the transmission capacity over the next two years

This agreement will also provide a framework for imports, by Indian entities, of surplus power generated from future hydroelectric plants in Nepal.


High Voltage Transmission Line