Overview of Telecommunication in Nepal

The History of Telecommunication service in Nepal is a century long. The first telephone line was introduced in Kathmandu with open wire trunk between Kathmandu and Raxual (Indian border town) in 1914. But telecom service was formally provided mainly after the establishment of MOHAN AKASHWANI in B.S. 2005. Evolving from such primitive practice to the present day telecom scenario, Nepal has become a progressive and competitive Telecom market.


Now there are six telecoms:
  • Nepal Doorsanchar Company Limited (NDCL): NDCL is incumbent telecom operator. It has both land line as well as mobile telephony services. It has introduced GSM, CDMA, WCDMA and WiMAx technologies. It also has VSAT telephony service.
  • Ncell Pvt. Ltd (NPL) : NPL is a private telecom company. It has only mobile telephony service with GSM and WCDMA technologies.
  • United Telcom Limited (UTL): UTL is a private telecom company. It has fixed telephony service and Limited Mobile telephony service based CDMA technology.
  • Smart Telecom Pvt. Ltd. (STPL): STPL is a private telecom company. It has VSAT telephony service and mobile telephony services with GSM technology.
  • Nepal Satellite Telecom Pvt. Ltd. (NSTPL): NSTPL has VSAT telephony services and limited mobile services with GSM technology.
  • STM Telecom Sanchar Pvt. Ltd. (STSPL) having VSAT technology.


In Nepal (Nepal Telecommunications Authority ) is the regulatory body of telecommunications in the country. The investment market of telecom is a subject of interest for many foreign companies and Nepal Telecom Authority itself as it has to prepare the regulations on hand. Nepal is the first country to launch 3G (WCDMA) network in South Asia with the Government operator Nepal Telecom. Telecoms of Nepal are also interested to introduce 4G technology to their network as soon as possible.

Nepal Telecom and NPL (Ncell Pvt. Ltd) have their services coverage almost to all part of the country. STPL has just got the unified license for Basic Telephone Service. So it is going to establish its network throughout the country very soon. Remaining three are also willing to get unified license. So Nepal is very good market for interested vendors of telecom business (equipment and services).